History of the World Trade
1. The WTC opened in 1970 after 8 years of
2. The WTC was the dream of David Rockefeller,
chairman of the
Chase Manhattan Bank,
and Nelson Rockefeller, former Governor
3. The Rockefellers wanted to name the towers
after themselves, but the
mayor of NY, John Lindsay,
insisted on the World Trade Center.
4. The City chose to build the WTC instead of
building a new tunnel and
large bridge over the Hudson
5. The World Trade Center was designed by
architect Minoura Yamasaki.
6. According to Yamasaki, downtown Manhattan was
the perfect place to
erect the towers because there wasn't
"a single building worth saving in
Owners of nearby buildings disagreed, and delayed demolition
three weeks with their protests.
8. Sixteen blocks were cleared to house the
9. More than 10,000 workers involved in building
10. More than 60 of them died during
11. The excavation work displaced enough soil to
create Liberty Park,
where four 60-floor towers
and four apartment buildings were constructed.
12. The WTC's foundations were laid at 60 feet
below ground level.
13. The complex covered 16 acres when
14. In addition to the towers, five other office
buildings made up the
15. The WTC
had 12 million square feet of space.
16. Each floor was 50,000 square
17. The buildings had their own ZIP codes -
10047 and 10048.
18. The towers were designed to look like a
19. The structure was revolutionary. Its main
supports were external,
lining the four
corners of each tower.
20. Critics condemned the completed buildings as
21. Completed, the buildings were 100 feet taller
then the Empire State
22. Until the construction of Chicago's Sears
Tower and the Petronas
Towers in Kuala Lumpur,
Malaysia, the twin towers were the
23. The North Tower's 347 foot radio tower
technically allowed the
still call itself the world's tallest building.
24. The towers were different heights. The South
tower was 1,362 feet
tall, and big brother
North tower was 1,368.
25. Sixty-eight miles of steel were used in the
construction of the
26 . The concrete poured was enough to build a
road from New York to
27. The steel inside the WTC could have made
three more Brooklyn Bridges.
28. The Twin Towers had more than 16 miles of
29. There were 43,600 windows.
30. The windows were small to reduce the
of heat or cold entering the
Regular size windows would have made the heat
31. The WTC's 600,000 square feet of glass was
cleaned by an automatic
32. The building had 20,000 elevator
33. Of the WTC's 239 banks of elevators, one was
known as the fastest
34. The main elevators at 27 feet a second
reached the top in less than a
35. There were 828 emergency exit
36. 23,000 fluorescent light bulbs lit the
37. Originally, there were no light switches in
the towers, because energy
one-third less than they are today. In 1982, switches were
38. 12,000 miles of electrical cable snaked
through the building,
supplying power to 15
trading floors for stockbrokers.
39. The 75,000 telephones were maintained by
19,600 miles of cable.
40. There were more than 300 computer mainframes
41. The WTC used more power in one day than most
small American cities.
42. Steam supplied by a plant on New York's East
River was used to
43. The buildings housed 49,000 tons of
44. More than 250,000 cans of paint were needed
every year for
45. The surrounding shopping center complex included 3250,000
square feet of restaurants and stores.
46. Six banks, five investment firms and three insurance companies
called their headquarters there, in the building.
47. The Port Authority of New York and New Jersey had its
headquarters in the
48. American Express had three floors in the
49. The WTC was home base for Bank of
50. The trade center housed two top restaurants - the
the World and Wild
51. Windows on the World had one of the best vintage
in the United
52. More than 50,000 people worked in the twin
53. By 9 a.m. each weekday morning, the buildings had
an average of
35,000 employees at their
54. More than 200,000 people - half of them tourists -
the buildings each
55. The South Tower had an observation deck that was
visited by more
than 26,000 people a
56. An information sign at the top assured visitors
that the buildings
had been designed to
withstand airplane crashes.
57. The towers could be seen from at least 20 miles
58. On a clear day, it was possible to see for 45 miles
direction from the observation
59. The express elevator to the observation deck was
the largest in the
U.S. with a 55-person
60. Every president since 1973 paid a visit to the
61. President Ronald Reagan watched July 4th fireworks
from the WTC on two
62. Superstars Frank Sinatra, John Lennon, Mick Jagger
and Liza Minelli
all sang in WTC
63. Two New York TV stations incorporated the twin
tower image into
64. The towers served 10 New York TV stations with 10
antennas on the top.
65. More postcards of the WTC were sent each year than
any other building in
66. In 1974, a Frenchman, Phillipe Petit, strung a
the two towers and walked
67. Three men successfully parachuted from the top of
68. More than a dozen mountain climbers have scaled the
69. In 1975 a jobless construction worker parachuted
from the South
Tower to publicize the plight of
70. The most famous man to climb the building was
George Willig - who
was arrested at the
71. Willig was fined one penny for each of the 110
floors he scaled.
72. Last year, a man in a micro-light aircraft crashed
into the North Tower.
73. In the concourse beneath the towers, there were
more than 75 stores.
74. Each day, over 150,000 commuters passed through the
75. Eighty seven tons of food was delivered to the
building each day.
76. Over 30,000 cups of coffee were poured daily in the
77. Twenty-two doctors had practices
78. Seventeen babies were born on the
79. Irv Silverstein recently bought the WTC for almost
80. The WTC generated $110 million a year in
81. More than three dozen movies have been filmed
82. The best known film to use the WTC as a location
was the 1976
remake of King
83. The 1993 bombing of the WTC killed six people and
injured 1,000 more.
84. 1,300 pounds of explosives ripped through the
garage in the 1993 attack.
85. That bomb created a crater 16 feet deep and badly
damaged inner support
86. Before the 1993 attack, there were three closed
87. After the bombing, the cameras were increased to
300 monitored by
88. More than 300 security guards worked
89. The WTC featured security centers on 14 different
floors and its own
90. The entrance lobbies had 16 concierge desks and 12
91. After the first bombing, no one could get inside
the buildings without
92. It took an average of five minutes for a visitor to
93. Before the 1993 bombing, there were more than 1,000
beneath the buildings; 600
94. All vehicles using the parking lot had to show FBI
95. On Sept. 11, the building was 95 percent full, with
over 400 tenants.
96. New York Gov. George Pataki had an office in the
WTC, but it wasn't
there when the disaster
97. Both the Secret Service and the FBI rented office
98. $110.3 million in gold and 120.7 million in silver
is buried in the
99. The combined weight of the towers was more than 1.5
100. Each tower was built to safely sway about three
feet during strong wind
101. Blue Cross-Blue Shield, New York's largest health
company, moved into the
building 3 years ago.
102. Nine chapels serving six different faiths called
the WTC home.
103. Twenty-nine countries had trade mission offices in
104. Every major U.S. airline had ticket offices inside
105. It is the first skyscraper in the world destroyed
Thanks to Bill Loring in Maine for
the e-mail version of this page.
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